The World Of Soccer
Soccer is played on a rectangular grass or artificial turf field, with a gates in the center of each of the short ends. The object of the game is to score by driving the ball into the opposing goal. In general play, the goalies are the only players allowed to use their hands or arms to propel the ball. The rest of the team usually use their feet to kick the ball into position, occasionally using their body or head to intercept a ball in midair. The soccer team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is tied at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shutout depending on the format of the competition.
The Soccer Goalkeeper is the only one who is allowed to catch the ball, and also to punch or deflect the ball away from the goal. The Soccer Goalkeeper generally has a significant advantage on a ball high in the air, as he can raise his arms and play the ball before an attacker can attempt a header. When the Soccer Goalkeeper picks up the ball, he is allowed to kick it or throw it, or to place it on the ground and play it with his feet. Once the ball is picked up, it must be released from the hands within six seconds; however, soccer referees often use their discretion as long as the keeper is not obviously attempting to waste time. Once Soccer goalkeeper establishes possession of the ball, opposing players are not allowed to attempt to play the ball and must give the Soccer goalkeeper room to attempt a kick. One key of soccer rule is that the goalkeeper is not allowed to touch the ball with their hands when it has been intentionally kicked to him by one of his teammates (the keeper is still allowed to play the ball with his feet). This is known as the "back-pass" rule and an infringement results in an indirect kick to the other team. The Soccer Referee has some discretion in making this call; for example, a ball which is merely deflected by a teammate may still be picked up by the goalkeeper. Also, the Soccer rule applies only to a ball which is actually kicked. A ball which is headed or otherwise not kicked may be picked up by the goalkeeper without penalty. The back-pass rule has been followed in international football and in most professional and amateur leagues since the early 1990's, but soccer leagues for younger players may choose not to enforce the rule. As the soccer goalkeeper is usually the team's only player who can see the entire field, they often act as an organizer of the team when it is defending, such as on a free kick or a corner kick.
Soccer Gear for footballers traditionally includes shorts and shirts of team colors, cleats (boots), socks and shin pads. Soccer Goalkeeper wears sweatshirt which is usually of different color than the footballers and officials shirts. Goalkeeper usually using special gloves and some time sun screening cap. They are also allowed to wear tracksuit bottom instead of shorts. Soccer Football kit has evolved significantly since the early days. In the twentieth century boots became lighter and softer, shorts were worn at a shorter length, and advancements in clothing manufacture and printing allowed shirts to be made in lighter synthetic fibers with increasingly colorful and complex designs. The sport's law specify the minimum kit which a player must use, and also prohibit the use of anything that is dangerous to either the player or another participant. Individual competitions may stipulate further restrictions, such as regulating the size of logos displayed on shirts and stating, that in the event of a match between teams with identical or similar colors, the away team must change to different colored attire.
A Soccer Referee presides over a game. The referee has full authority to enforce the Laws of The Game, and the referee's decisions regarding facts connected with play are final, so far as the result of the game is concerned. The referee is assisted by two assistant linesmen. Referees are licensed and trained by the same national organizations that are members of FIFA.
Soccer Referee and assistant referees wear kit of a similar style to that worn by players. Although not specified in the Laws of the Game of Soccer, it is considered a principle of football that officials wear shirts of a different color to those worn by the two teams. Black is the traditional color worn by officials, and "the man in black" is widely used as an informal term for a referee, although increasingly other colors are being used in the modern era. Soccer Referees also sometimes have sponsors' logos on their shirts, although these are normally confined to the sleeves.
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